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Achievement objective PW 6-2

Students will:

  • investigate how physics knowledge is used in a technological or biological application.


  • Explores how an application that uses physics ideas works.
  • Identifies the most important physical relationship employed in a device.
  • Predicts the physical phenomenon that makes a particular application possible and then verifies or disproves the use of the phenomenon in the application.

Possible context elaborations

  • How do the parts of a torch work together? How can we optimise the torch design?
  • The design of race cars in relation to 'good' and 'bad' friction.
  • Optical illusions in relation to the behaviour of light.
  • The energy transfers that occur in playground rides.
  • The relationship between mechanical power and the 100m sprint.
  • Do MP3 players affect hearing over time?
  • Do heat pumps increase energy efficiency?
  • What physics concepts are to be found in a selection of children’s toys? How do the toys work?

Assessment for qualifications

At the time of publication, achievement standards were in development to align them with The New Zealand Curriculum. Please ensure that you are using the correct version of the standards by going to the  NZQA website.

The NZQA subject-specific resources pages are very helpful. From there, you can find all the achievement standards and links to assessment resources, both internal and external.

Learn more with NZQA subject resources for:

Aligned level 1 achievement standards were registered for use in 2011 and level 2 for use in 2012; level 3 will be registered for use in 2013.

Learning described by this objective could be assessed using one or more of these achievement standards:

  • Physics AS90936 1.2
  • Science AS90941 1.2, AS90942 1.3, AS90943 1.4

Note the following exclusions:

  • Science AS90941 1.2 and Physics AS90937 1.3
  • Science AS90942 1.3 and Physics AS90938 1.4
  • Science AS90943 1.4 and Physics AS90939 1.5

Last updated September 15, 2020