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Achievement objectives PEB 7-1 and 7-2

Students will:

  • develop an understanding of the causes of natural hazards and their interaction with human activity on Earth.


  • Identifies geological, marine, and atmospheric events (or any combination thereof) that constitute natural hazards: earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, tropical cyclones, landslides, and the like.
  • Uses models, diagrams, texts, and experiments to relate natural hazards such as tectonic plate movement and extreme weather events to processes that occur in the geosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere.
  • Recognises the interaction of the rock, water, and tectonic cycles on rock formations in a specific area of New Zealand.
  • Uses models and experiments to illustrate the role of solar and terrestrial heat sources in driving processes that result in natural hazards.
  • Uses models, diagrams, and texts to show how the transmission, reflection, absorption, and scattering of visible and infra-red electromagnetic radiation can contribute to the causes of natural hazards.
  • Explains the effects of natural hazards on landforms, and biological and human communities.

Possible context elaborations

  • How does fault line movement cause earthquakes and the resulting displacement of land?
  • What is the impact of earthquakes on human settlements and structures?
  • Volcanic eruptions caused by subduction or hot spots: consequences.
  • What atmospheric and ocean conditions create cyclones? What is the impact of cyclones on human settlement?
  • How does instability result from deforestation?
  • How is the formation of rocks related to interactions between the tectonic, rock, and water cycles?
  • How are earthquakes and tsunamis linked, and how are they able to cause such loss of life?

Assessment for qualifications

At the time of publication, achievement standards were in development to align them with The New Zealand Curriculum. Please ensure that you are using the correct version of the standards by going to the  NZQA website.

The NZQA subject-specific resources pages are very helpful. From there, you can find all the achievement standards and links to assessment resources, both internal and external.

Learn more with NZQA subject resources for:

Aligned level 1 achievement standards were registered for use in 2011 and level 2 for use in 2012; level 3 will be registered for use in 2013.

Last updated September 15, 2020