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Achievement objectives

AOs: L6

AOs: L7

AOs: L8


Cook Islands Māori


Gagana Sāmoa





Vagahau Niue



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Achievement objectives: Level 8

Proficiency descriptor

Students can use language variably and effectively to express and justify their own ideas and opinions and support or challenge those of others. They are able to use and identify the linguistic and cultural forms that guide interpretation and enable them to respond critically to texts.

Achievement objectives

The three communication objectives work together; the objectives for language knowledge and cultural knowledge support students’ communicative proficiency.


In selected linguistic and sociocultural contexts, students will:

  • communicate information, ideas, and opinions through increasingly complex and varied texts
  • explore the views of others, developing and sharing personal perspectives
  • engage in sustained interaction and produce extended text.

Language knowledge

Students will:

  • analyse ways in which the target culture(s) is (are) organised for different purposes and for different audiences
  • analyse ways in which the target language is organised in different texts and for different purposes.

Cultural knowledge

Students will:

  • analyse how the use of the target language expresses cultural meanings
  • explore how linguistic meaning is conveyed across languages.

The step up from level 7 to 8

At level 7, students begin to engage in sustained interactions and produce extended texts as they explore the views of others and develop and share personal perspectives. The content and language of the communication is targeted to include the expression and justification of their own ideas and opinions, as well as supporting and challenging the ideas and opinions of others. Students are able to respond to increasingly complex and varied texts.

At level 8, students should be encountering a greater range and complexity of text types than at level 7. They should be able to engage in increasingly sustained interactions and to produce and respond to a variety of increasingly complex texts. The step up to level 8 also involves a more deliberate and effective use of language as students learn to identify and select the appropriate language and cultural knowledge they need to use to communicate effectively with different audiences and for different purposes.

Possible context elaborations

A context is any situation, scenario, or activity that gives students the opportunity to interact or communicate using the target language. A context elaboration is an annotated text that has been created or generated in response to a particular situation, scenario, or activity. It may be, for example, the transcript of a spoken interaction. It may be productive or receptive. The annotations make links to the descriptor and achievement objectives and highlight language/cultural features.

The context elaborations provide examples of what is expected of students who are achieving at the specified level.

Assessment for qualifications

For information on NCEA achievement standards for learning languages, see Assessment for qualifications: Level 8.

Last updated January 20, 2017