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Learning objectives

6-1 | 6-2
7-1 | 7-2
8-1 | 8-2

Learning objective 8-2

Students will gain knowledge, skills, and experience to:

  • understand how and why ideas and values of the classical world have influenced other cultures, including New Zealand, over time.


  • Analyses the influence of classical ideas and values on other cultures over time.
  • Draws upon their own experiences to analyse reasons for the influence of ideas and values of the classical world on other cultures.
  • Thinks critically about the relationship between ideas and values of the classical world and other cultures at different points in time.

Concepts addressed in this learning objective

  • Heritage
  • Citizenship and society
  • Culture and identity
  • Empire and power
  • Conflict
  • Art and aesthetics

Key concepts in classical studies

Possible context elaborations

  • Humour in Aristophanic comedy, Shakespearean comedy, and modern comedy such as Taika Waititi’s Boy: What makes people laugh?
  • Comparing the design features and function of theatres of different eras, for example, the Theatre of Dionysus, the Theatre of Pompey, and a modern cinema complex: how does design reflect function and social structures?
  • Ancient vs modern ideas about the nature of the universe and astronomical theory: are you inclined to teleology or materialism?
  • Attitudes to the body and sexuality, for example, ancient Greek, Hindu, Māori philosophy of hauora: mind, body, soul – how do they connect?
  • The classical world in the art of other cultures, for example, the extent to which modern film directors draw upon primary sources and the representation of Virgil’s Dido in opera and post-classical painting: inspiration or plagiarism?
  • The army and warfare, for example, the influence of Alexander’s major battles and sieges on later military warfare, the importance and role of the Roman army, the US army, the New Zealand army: what am I fighting for?
  • Disenfranchisement in ancient Greece, Rome, New Zealand, and the world, for example, women, immigrants, the landless, criminals: do you feel that you belong?

Possible achievement standards

At the time of publication, achievement standards were in development to align them with The New Zealand Curriculum. Please ensure that you are using the correct version of the standards by going to the NZQA website.

The NZQA subject-specific resources pages are very helpful. From there, you can find all the achievement standards and links to assessment resources, both internal and external.

Learn more:

Classical studies and external qualifications

Level 3 classical studies – draft NCEA standards

Last updated July 16, 2015