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Achievement objectives

Level 6

Level 7

Level 8

Achievement objective 8.2

Students will gain knowledge, skills, and experience to:

  • understand how trends over time reflect social, economic, and political forces.


  • Explains how social, cultural, economic, and political forces produce trends over time.
  • Analyses social, cultural, economic, and political forces.
  • Identifies and explains the influence of trends over time.
  • Illustrates how trends have changed over time.

Possible context elaborations

  • The struggle to maintain a single, unified, national church in early modern Europe.
  • The emergence of Māori religious movements in New Zealand.
  • The persecution of religious non-conformists and its effect on people’s lives, for example, emigration, loss of civil rights, or conversion.
  • The growth of economic independence of Western women.
  • The impact of Polynesian migration on New Zealand and the Pacific Islands.
  • The emergence of the global culture and its consequences for cultural and linguistic identities.
  • The persistence of neo-Nazism.
  • The Ming dynasty’s 15th century move from ‘globalisation’ to ‘isolation’.
  • The effect of World War I and World War II on the lives of Western women.
  • The impact of the abolition of slavery on former slave economies.
  • A comparison of the impact of the English Civil War and of World War I on life in the British Isles.

Last updated August 24, 2012