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Achievement objectives

Level 6

Level 7

Level 8

Achievement objective 7.1

Students will gain knowledge, skills, and experience to:

  • understand how historical forces and movements have influenced the causes and consequences of events of significance to New Zealanders.


  • Identifies and explains the force that influenced a movement.
  • Makes links between a force and multiple contexts, for example, nationalism in South Africa compared with New Zealand, Australia, and the US.
  • Describes how a movement influenced past events.
  • Identifies how a force has influenced the causes of past events.
  • Identifies how a force has influenced the consequences of past events.

Possible context elaborations

  • The growth of the King movement and Governor Grey’s invasion of the Waikato.
  • The conquests of Te Rauparaha and the ongoing consequences for settlement of Treaty of Waitangi claims.
  • The development of Vietnamese nationalism under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh after the French reoccupation of 1945.
  • The ideas of Truby King and the Plunket Society and how these impacted on patterns of child rearing in New Zealand and internationally.
  • The 18th century American rebellion against British authority.
  • The causes of the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century.
  • Māori land and Māori renaissance: Whina Cooper and the 1975 Hikoi.
  • Gandhi and Indian independence.
  • Patriotism, Empire, and New Zealand in the First World War.
  • Conflict between the Islamic and the Christian world.
  • Russia: authoritarianism, reform, and revolution.

Last updated August 24, 2012