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Philosophical perspectives

Applied philosophy

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Learning objective 7-2: Reasoning

Students will gain knowledge, skills, and experience to:

  • develop reasoned arguments.


  • Identifies the main point or conclusion of different arguments.
  • Constructs a reasoned argument.
  • Develops reasoned arguments for and against the same conclusion.

Possible context elaborations

  • Sort examples of arguments sourced from current events into the two main types, deductive and inductive.
  • Construct deductive and inductive arguments in support of a given conclusion.
  • Use diagrams as a tool for examining arguments. For example, construct diagrams for the following:
    • All cats are animals. All animals are warm-blooded. Therefore, cats are warm-blooded.
    • All students are interested in philosophy. Some people who are interested in philosophy earn a lot of money. Therefore, some students earn a lot of money.
  • Students construct a reasoned argument for or against a philosophical point of their own choosing and present it to the class.

Assessment for qualifications

See NCEA assessment: level 2 for suggestions of achievement standards and unit standards that could be used to assess this learning.

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Last updated October 24, 2011