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Version date: 16 February 2017
Key changes: Version 3
Subject facilitator email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Psychology is the scientific study of human thought, emotions, and actions. Psychology helps us to understand human behaviour. It attempts to explain why we behave in the way that we do and explores questions such as:
Psychologists test their theories scientifically. Once they have done so, they are in a position to offer an explanation for observed behaviour.
Psychology addresses questions by deconstructing patterns of thinking, emotion, and behaviour, and identifying and challenging assumptions, theories, and mores.
In psychology, the term "approach" refers to a paradigm or set of principles based on beliefs about people and the way that they function. Different approaches may offer different explanations for behaviours. The main approaches include:
Each approach influences which aspects of people will be studied and what methods of inquiry will be chosen. For example:
In practice, psychologists may disagree greatly in the explanations they offer. This is a reflection of the richness and complexity of human behaviour.
Psychology is commonly studied as either a science or social science and the aspects of a course are designed around the specific needs and interests of the learners.
School programmes are typically planned to give students some sense of how the main approaches contribute to our understanding of particular aspects of behaviour.
Kaupapa Māori approaches seek to identify and uphold Māori views, solutions, and ways of understanding human behaviour. Students can learn about Māori culture, values, and belief systems and explore indigenous perspectives on the determinants of social and emotional well-being.
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Last updated February 17, 2017