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Philosophical perspectives

Applied philosophy

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Learning objective 6-2: Reasoning

Students will gain knowledge, skills, and experience to:

  • identify and describe reasoned arguments.


  • Identifies the main point or conclusion of an argument.
  • Describes the reasons given to support the main point or conclusion of different arguments.
  • Describes how good the reasons are that support a conclusion.

Possible context elaborations

  • Select a conclusion derived from an everyday argument. For example, ‘If you go to your local school and work hard, then you will get a good job.’ Conclusion: ‘You should work hard at school.’
  • Identify reasons given in support of a conclusion, and any unsupported points in the argument. For example, in the above argument, ‘local’ and ‘good’ are unsupported.
  • Identify arguments where the given reasons genuinely support the conclusions, and where they do not. For examples, see the Molloy College website.

Assessment for qualifications

See NCEA assessment: level 1 for suggestions of achievement standards and unit standards that could be used to assess this learning.

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Last updated October 24, 2011