Progression in health education
As students progress from level 6 to level 8, they deepen their conceptual understandings by applying the ‘big ideas’ (key concepts) of health education in a range of relevant contexts.
The underlying concepts of hauora, the socio-ecological perspective, health promotion, and attitudes and values, in combination, underpin all learning.
Level 6 |
Level 7 |
Students focus on the dimensions of hauora and the application of the concept to a range of contexts. They also consider how the dimensions of hauora interrelate.
They develop a basic understanding of a socio-ecological perspective through considerling personal, interpersonal, community, and societal influences on well-being and strategies for enhancing well-being.
At level 6
- apply understanding of the concept of hauora and explain connections between the four dimensions
- identify personal, interpersonal, and societal factors that could contribute to positive or negative outcomes for well-being for individuals
- select and use a range of personal and interpersonal strategies that enhance well-being and recommend societal actions that support well-being
- identify a need and develop goals and action plans to take action to promote personal well-being in their community.
Students focus more closely on personal, interpersonal, and societal perspectives when considering health-related issues, and begin to develop evidenced–based approaches to their inquiries.
Students explore issues by considering the influences on the issue, the effects of these influences on well-being, and strategies for enhancing well-being that address the influences.
They plan strategies and take action to address them.
At level 7
- explain personal, interpersonal, and societal influences on health and relate these ideas to the relevant determinants of health
- describe the relationship between the factors influencing well-being and the short- and long-term outcomes for individuals, groups, and society
- discuss discrimination within communities and suggest health-enhancing action(s) that will promote social justice for self, others, and society
- use relevant research as evidence to support claims made about health-related issues, express opinions, and justify points of view
- take collective action to enhance an aspect of well-being within the school or wider community and evaluate the effect of this action.
Students’ learning is more strongly evidence-based and is focused on wider societal issues.
Students identify the critical aspects of issues that determine well-being, as indicated by evidence, and analyse their implications for individuals, communities, and society.
Students use the determinants of health in their analyses, and (where appropriate) plan and implement health-promoting strategies.
The strategies for societal change demonstrate understanding of the values of social justice.
At level 8
- explain why some health-related situations are of concern for communities or the whole population of a country or region
- analyse critically how the determinants of health impact on well-being in relation to an identified health issue
- use evidence from published research and their own investigations to explore societal and global health issues
- use health promotion models to explore the effectiveness of health-promotion strategies likely to achieve sustainable health outcomes
- identify and justify strategies (in local and global contexts) that reflect the values of social justice and achieve equitable health outcomes.
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Last updated November 28, 2011